What's new in Pomm 1.1

Posted 7 years ago.

Postgres 9.2 types support

Pomm now offers native converters for ranges (tsrange, int4range, int8range numrange) and Json types. It has better support for Interval type and you can directly set PHP DateTime instances as parameters of your prepared queries.

More handy methods for your controllers

It benefits from Postgresql's RETURNING clause so you can directly write in the database and get the according instance:

  • $entity = $map->createAndSaveObject(array($form->getValues()))
  • $entity = $map->updateByPk(array('id' => $form['id']), array('field_to_update' => $form['field_to_update'], ...))
  • $array = $map->findAll()->extract();
  • $collection = $map->findAll('ORDER BY created_at LIMIT 5');

Better entities and collections

The behavior of entities in 1.0 was unclear regarding field detection and NULL values. It was not really possible to delete a field from an entity instance. It is now possible with the $entity->clear('my_field') or $entity->clearMyField() or unset($entity['my_field']) method calls.

The extract() method has been changed so it can also flatten any possible embed entities. This is desirable when by exemple dealing with web services to export everything in JSON format. The behavior of the old extract() method has been moved in the better named getFields() method.

The Collection had some improvements too. In 1.0, the use of scrollable cursors has been abandoned because this was too obtrusive from a SQL perspective. To be able to scroll on result sets more than once, the Collection system had to cache all the fetched results that could lead to a huge memory consumption. There is a new SimpleCollection class that just implements a non rewindable iterator. It does not support hydration filters nor cachine, it just let you foreach once over results as fast as PHP can, which is what you want 99.9% of the time. The Collection class is still here providing the same features as 1.0 and it is still the default collection used by Pomm 1.1. You can switch to SimpleCollection or whatever other Iterator implementation you want just by overloading your map classes createCollectionFromStatement() method.

To end with Collection class, all the filter methods now implement the fluid interface so you can register filters and return results without using temporary variable:

return $this->query($sql, $values)

Fields getters are awesome

The getFields() methods family is one of the coolest features of Pomm allowing developers to add their own fields to all or just in one query. In an other hand, it was tedious to filter fields not to fetch some of them (passwords, technical fields etc.). Fields are now handled as an associative array in the map class with the key becoming the SQL field's alias name so it is now easy to filter fields with PHP's array_filter or array_map functions.

Aside of that, it is tedious to always have to

join(', ', $map->getSelectFields(...

to nicely format SQL queries. Pomm 1.1 comes with two formatters formatFields and formatFieldsWithAlias. These formatters take a getField method name as first argument. They use it to get the fields and format the output as a string to fit your SQL queries.

echo $this->formatFieldsWithAlias('getFields', 'pika');

"pika.field1" AS "field1", "pika.field2" AS "field2", ...

There is also the field getters triggered by Collection filters. This was noted as deprecated in the 1.0 version. It is finally kept in the 1.1 version because it may be desirable to split a non nested result set in several entities.

Generation tools are not forgotten

The 1.0 tools lacked output when used from the command line. There is now a OutputStack that manage output messages. Generated schemas and namespaces can be formatted the way you want using a placeholder syntax. It is also now possible to exclude tables from a schema generation task (useful with PgDeploy by example).

The last but not the least

The first task toward the 1.1 version has been to rewrite the whole test suite using PHPUnit. It is now easier to develop features and add the according tests as PHPUnit is very standard in the PHP world. This also makes Pomm testable with Travis the open source continuous integration service. The first side effect of this rewrite has been to spot numerous little bugs and put light on some inconsistent behaviors. Few of them still remain today (ie binary string to Pg's bytea type conversion) but the vast majority have been fixed. Most of those corrections were also backported to the 1.0 branch.

Migrating from 1.0 to 1.1

Migrating from 1.0 to 1.1 should not be a hassle, here is a list of points that break compatibility between 1.0 and 1.1:

PgEntity refactoring

PgEntity converter's constructor now takes a BaseObjectMap instance as argument instead of Database and the class name:

// 1.0
    new Pomm\Converter\PgEntity($database, '\Db\Weather\WeatherProbe'),

// 1.1
    new Pomm\Converter\PgEntity($weather_probe_map),

This is very useful if you want PgEntity to deal with a map class that is custom made with extra virtual fields or filters.

See the related ticket #30.


This method is now a Connection instance method instead of a Database instance method. See the related ticket #29.

Entity getter

The get($field) entity's method throws an exception when the field does not exist in 1.1. In 1.0, the behavior was to return NULL which lead to bugs with typos in method names being silently ignored.

See the related ticket #48.